The "Tarantella Napoletana
" is the tarantella associated with Naples. It is familiar to North American viewers of popular media as a quintessentially "Italian" musical riff or melody. Credits goes to 19th-century Neapolitan composer Luigi Ricci
. The tune is from his 1852 opera buffa (comic opera) called La festa di Piedigrotta — which is so underperformed it fails to appear anywhere in Operabase. Its name refers to the Neapolitan Piedigrotta Festival, which was formally organized in the 1830s and had at its center a songwriting competition that birthed a number of popular Canzone Napoletana (Neapolitan songs). The ubiquitous tune pops up as part of the show’s final musical number.