" is a song by David Bowie, originally released on the album Hunky Dory
in December 1971 and as a single on 7 January 1972, the day before Bowie's 25th birthday. Despite missing the Billboard top 40, "Changes" became one of Bowie's best-known songs. The lyrics are often seen as a manifesto for his chameleonic personality, the frequent change of the world today, and frequent reinventions of his musical style throughout the 1970s. This single is cited as David Bowie's official North American debut, despite the fact that the song "The Man Who Sold the World" was released in North America two years prior.This was the last song Bowie performed live on stage before his retirement from live performances at the end of 2006.